Municipal Water Systems: Overview
In the Niagara Peninsula, provision of drinking water is a shared responsibility between the two tiers of municipal government. The Regional Municipality of Niagara is responsible for treatment and conveyance of water to the local municipalities. The local municipalities are in turn, responsible for distributing this water to consumers through a local network of pipes. In the Town of Lincoln, there are two primary water distribution systems classified as large residential systems and two minor systems classified as small non-residential systems. The Town’s primary system infrastructure consists of piping, fire hydrants, valves, pressure reducing chambers and booster pumping stations.
All serviced areas in the eastern half of the municipality (i.e. between Jordan Road and Maple Grove Road) are part of the Vineland/Jordan large residential drinking water system. This system receives its supply of treated water from the Region’s Decew Water Treatment Facility in the City of St. Catharines, via a transmission main. A Regional booster station exists at the most easterly limit of Lincoln, where re-chlorination also takes place. One Regional storage reservoir exists for the Jordan-Vineland system on Fifth Avenue (southerly end of Victoria Avenue).
All serviced areas in the western half of the municipality (i.e. between Durham Road and Sann Road) form part of the Beamsville large residential drinking water system. This system receives its supply of treated water from the Region’s Water Treatment Plant in the Town of Grimsby via a transmission main. Re-chlorination takes place at the Region’s booster station, west of the Town border. One Regional storage reservoir exists in Beamsville at the southerly end of Hixon Street.
The Town also operates two small non-residential systems on a seasonal basis. These are located at Charles Daly Park and the Beamsville Lions Park. The source of potable water for these systems is water that is transported by water haulers (i.e. trucks) from the adjacent large residential municipal drinking water systems. The water in these systems is also treated by an on site ultraviolet disinfection unit.
In recent years, the provision of drinking water and related services has become highly regulated. The Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002 specifies the roles and responsibilities of owners, operators and others involved both directly and indirectly in provision of drinking water and related services. Significant penalties including fines and/or imprisonment are possible for those found to be in contravention of this legislation. Ontario Regulation 170/03, as amended, is the primary regulation under the Safe Drinking Water Act that outlines operational checks, sampling, testing and reporting requirements that owners and operators of drinking water systems, including the Town of Lincoln, must adhere to. In accordance with Ontario Regulation 170/03, as amended, Annual Reports for each of these systems have been prepared and can be found HERE.
In addition, the Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002 specifies that owners and operators must fulfill the requirements of the Municipal Drinking Water Licensing Program. The program requires that:
1. The Town documents a Quality Management System (QMS) and an Operational Plan, which must adhere to the requirements of the Drinking Water Quality Management Standard and be accepted by the Ministry of the Environment.
2. The Town undergoes a third-party audit to obtain Accreditation.
In order to obtain a license, the Town of